ABOUT AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER (ASD)
About Autism there are so many rumors. For many days psychologists tried learning about autism. There is some trustworthy info by following this you can learn about autism.
- Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): ABOUT AUTISM
- Seizure Problem(About Autism)
- REPETITIVE TALKING BEHAVIOUR ABOUT WHAT THEY THINK IN THEIR MIND:(About Autism)
- ASK THE SAME QUESTION OVER AND OVER :
- ECHO QUESTION BACK AT THE ASKER :
- REPEATEDLY DO THE SAME MISTAKE :
- EARLEY INTERVENTION (About Autism)
- SLEEPING PROBLEMS: (About Autism)
- Gastrointestinal and Feeding issues (About Autism)
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): ABOUT AUTISM
(ASD)is a neurodevelopmental disorder associated with symptoms that include persistent deficits in social communication and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests or activities.
According to WHO (World Health Organization) “Autism is characterized by some degree of difficulty with social interaction and communication. Other characteristics are atypical patterns of activities and behaviors, such as difficulty with the transition from one activity to another, a focus on details, and unusual reactions to sensations.”
It also says estimated that 1 child in 100 is autistic.
Parenting is hard, and parenting a child with autism is more difficult for any parent. After there are so many disabilities in their child, the thing is more painful for parents than the difficulty.
A child with autism faces many types of difficulties in their daily life, like communication problems, behavioral problems, suffocation, anxiety, etc.
Among them, the most common problem is a communication problem.
In most cases, the communication difficulties associated with autism begin very early, long before speech develops. Sometimes a child will begin to communicate but then loses those skills in the second or third year of life. Young children with ASD are often unaware that messages can be sent between people, from one mind to another, through thin air, by using our eyes, body movements, and hearing the speech sounds, but don’t know there is the meaning behind them a message to be read.
For some children, the differences in behavior are easy to notice; for other children, the differences are subtle and easily missed. Still, other children with ASD don’t seem to have any difficulties during their first year of infancy but develop autism symptoms later.
Studies by autism specialist GERALDINE DAWSON say by 8-12 months of age, these babies as a group spent less time looking at other people, responded less when their parents tried to get their attention(by calling their names), and did not use the early gestures (like pointing) that babies typically use before words develop and that help them progress into speech.
Thus the way these babies experienced their environments was very different from that of most babies; they spent less time focused on other people and had much less experience with communication. This is important because during the infant-toddler years a baby’s brain is changing rapidly, soaking up information and being shaped by that information. Babies’ brains are not fully programmed by their genes. The brain is developing quickly, and every experience a baby has affects his brain’s wiring and builds more circuits that can carry more information, more efficiently. As scientists put it, there is a great deal of brain plasticity early in life.
Seizure Problem(About Autism)
If we talk about autism, the seizure is one of the common problems among children with (ASD). Although seizures are not usually a problem in early childhood, approximately one out of every four individuals with ASD will develop seizures at some point in life.
there are many types of seizures that involve starting spells (absence seizures),
seizures that involve repetitive movements (partial complex seizures),
and seizures that involve convulsions (grand mal seizures).
Mild symptoms may be difficult to detect because some of the symptoms, such as staring into space and not responding when called, are also typical symptoms of ASD.
Symptoms of an absence seizure may include “blanking out” or becoming unresponsive to sounds and sights for 10-20 seconds, blinking repetitively, eyes rolling up a bit, mouth movements, muscle stiffness, jerking movements, rubbing fingers together, and staring spells.
REPETITIVE TALKING BEHAVIOUR ABOUT WHAT THEY THINK IN THEIR MIND:(About Autism)
The fact is for those who are ambitious about autism and those who really want to know about what they are thinking.
ASK THE SAME QUESTION OVER AND OVER :
In that case, they do not ask over and over, they didn’t understand the question.
Another reason behind it is they forget very quickly.
They can’t recognize did they heard it right now or a long time ago.
ECHO QUESTION BACK AT THE ASKER :
People with autism often repeat questions, like parrots. Instead of answering the question.
From their perspective firing the same question back is a way of sifting through their memories to pick up clues about what the asker is asking.
They understand the question but they can’t answer it until they find the right ‘memory picture’ in their head.
It’s a very easy process for our brains but it’s very complicated for their brain.
REPEATEDLY DO THE SAME MISTAKE :
They do things they shouldn’t even when they have been told a million times not to.
It seems like they are bad out of naughtiness but honestly, they are not.
When they are being told off, they feel terrible that yet again they’ve done what they’ve been told not to.
But when the chance comes once more, they’ve pretty much forgotten about the last time.
So there is no fault for them they are not aware of what are they doing in that situation.
The best treatment for autism can be a house full of family members.
EARLEY INTERVENTION (About Autism)
Young infants are like very little scientists: They develop concepts of how the planet around them works, and they check these concepts through their body actions and their senses. They soak up info from all their experiences, and they use this info to enhance their concepts concerning how the planet works.
The typical kid learns throughout each waking moment of the day. once she wakes up, she begins babbling and fidgeting with her hands, toes, or toys within the crib. She examines how they work, what happens once she throws the toys out of the crib, and the way her folks respond once she coos or once the toys create a loud flaming sound on the ground. once she hears the flaming sound, she might decide out, imitating the loudness of the sound.
She remembers that the last time she created a loud sound, a parent arrived. the likelihood is that she notices the sound of mother or dada gap the sleeping room door. She turns quickly toward that sound and focuses intently on her parents’ facial expressions and words as they approach her. She’s been awake for under five minutes, and he or she has already learned one thing concerning cause and impact, gravity, emotions, and words!
Now let’s compare this kid to a young kid with ASD. She wakes up and additionally begins to play within the crib, however her play is completely different. She might ignore the toys and instead be fascinated with the manner the sunshine is shining through the crack within the curtains. She might tilt her head back and forth to experiment with the sunshine, noticing however it changes along with her head movement, look her hand and fingers move within the lightweight.
She might pay a protracted time rocking her head back and forth, look the sunshine. She is quiet, not creating several sounds. once her folks return to urge her up, she doesn’t look to ascertain their expressions or communicate their voices. the sunshine patterns still hold her attention. She too is learning, however rather than learning concerning toys, speech sounds, faces, and people, she is learning concerning patterns of sunshine and movement.
She has uncomprehensible necessary opportunities for learning the way to communicate, socialize, and play, as a result of she did not demand her folks or watch them are available and since the sunshine was additional fascinating to her than the toys. Her long attention to the sunshine and therefore the movements of her fingers and head has interfered along with her attention to alternative learning opportunities offered to her.
When you begin exploitation specific early intervention techniques together with your kid, like those represented later during this book, you may learn techniques for doing these things:
- Drawing his attention to the individuals in his atmosphere
- creating social play additional gratifying and bountied
- Teaching him the essential skills of learning:
- Getting to others’ faces, voices, and actions Imitating others
- Exploitation of his voice and body to speak
- Sharing emotions, needs, and interests with others
- Understanding that others’ communications have assuming to him
- Fidgeting with toys in typical ways in which
- Learning to use and perceive speech
- Reducing any behaviors that interfere with learning
Criteria for Maturing the standard of associate Early Intervention Program-(About Autism)
This is difficult to find a good intervention manager but this advice can help you to find one.
It will also help you to learn about autism
Engage the youngsters sufficiently within the program
All the youngsters ought to involve within the room activities.
Give your kids a minimum of twenty-five hours every week of structures intervention once additional to alternative interventions the kid is receiving within the program.
Each teacher or alternative adult staffer should be accountable solely for 2 or their students.
The program should supply year-around.
The educational activities ought to be placed consistently and applicable for the age of the youngsters.
The program ought to track daily progress in order that the ways will be assessed for effectiveness.
The employees members ought to be qualified-
Staff members ought to skills to develop associate IEP to satisfy the distinctive wants of a baby with ASD.
They should adapt to the training atmosphere and use educational ways far-famed to assist kids with ASD learn.
Use methods to market communication and social interaction.
Implement behavior management techniques supported by ABA.
They should be ready to befittingly handle a crisis.
They have applicable credentials in their profession.
The teaching and medical aid assistants receive direct instruction and oversight.
Staff members provided regular in-service coaching on educating young kids with ASD.
Consultants ought to offer for the program.
An appropriate program for youngsters with (ASD)
Educational objectives, methods, and activities ought to be supported by a written program.
Staff members ought to adapt the program to satisfy children’s distinctive talents, challenges, ages, and learning designs.
The program ought to specialize in necessary areas for learning, as well as communication and language, fine and gross motor skills, toy play, creative play, and social skills.
Children ought to have opportunities to act with generally developing peers.
SLEEPING PROBLEMS: (About Autism)
Sleep issues square measure very common among kids with ASD. this is often additionally a typical downside in each kid. Among the sleep issues that oldsters report square measure delayed sleep onset,
night walking, early rousing, preventative apnea (difficulty respiration once asleep), and reduced want for sleep.
It may be ASD related to variations in genes that regulate the sleep cycle and also the production of endocrine.
“Melatonin could be a chemical secreted by the penal organ within the brain that helps regulate the unit of time rhythms, including the sleep cycle.”
Studies have shown that sleep disruption in kids, including kids with ASD, is related to poor attention,
memory difficulties, and behavior issues, like tantrums and aggression.
The most common sleep downside of kids with ASD is named sleep disorder.
Research has found that having a worm tub helps to induce a decent sleep.
The temperature ought to be eighteen-21 C and also the surface ought to be 18 C.
After all, if they can not get any smart sleep then they must understand the respiration exercise for sleep. In each state of affairs, it helps each kid permanently sleep.
In daily routine, our eyes ought to get on bright light-weight for a minimum of 1-1.5 hours as a result of our brain finds the distinction between the day and night light-weight.
If your kid is not sleeping well or having a tangle maintaining a daily sleep cycle here square measure some suggestions:
provide a sleep setting that’s snug for the kid. In terms of temperature, lighting, mattress, textures of blankets, and so on.
Provide a comparatively dark sleep setting, as a result, even low levels of sunshine inhibit endocrine production. an evening light-weight is okay if necessary.
Establish a daily sleep-wake schedule, as well as regular times for naps, about to sleep, and rousing.
In general, there shouldn’t be quite an associate hour distinction between bedtimes and wake-up times throughout the week and weekends.
Do not have a tv in your sleeping room.
Do not play movies or tv as the way to assist your kid to sleep off.
Plan hour activities rigorously to assist calm your kid before sleep,
because kids with ASD will simply be overstimulated.
Avoid new and sudden activities, excessive noise, vigorous play,
and large meal on the point of hour.
Bathing, lullabies, the presence of a family toy or blanket, and searching at books along as typically calming.
Other calming activities embody light-weight massage, brushing hair, and soft music.
Good sleep should be required for a baby with ASD for focused on their intervention program. For unfit kids, the intervention program prevails each regular day so that they should have to be compelled to maintain a decent and healthy sleep cycle.
A child with ASD is already having a tangle with communication issues and different physical issues thereon if they could not get an evening of excellent sleep it’ll be a disaster for them to take care of daily exercise and medical aid.
There square measure a lot of issues that square measure the reason behind not obtaining smart sleep like abdomen pain. It primarily happens in canals.
Gastrointestinal and Feeding issues (About Autism)
In search about autism, another common medical downside toughened by most kids with ASD is canal (GI) distress.
A child with ASD has abdominal pain, diarrhea, gas, and constipation.
The most common issues rumored square measure diarrhea and constipation, which might alternate within the same kid.
Although these square measure fairly common altogether kids,
there is some proof that they occur a lot of ofttimes in kids with ASD.
It causes pain and discomfort like sleep issues.
Which can cause downside behaviors and issue listening.
Because kids with ASD have issues act, it may be difficult to understand whether or not or not your kid is experiencing abdominal or different forms of pain.
Be observant of abrupt changes in your child’s behavior, excessive crying or whining, self-injurious behavior, holding his abdomen, and different nonverbal indicators of pain.
If you’re suspicious, take your kid to the medical specialist to own his evaluation.
GI downside treatments will embody dietary interventions, nutritionary supplements, and medications.
There presently isn’t any scientific proof that special diets, as well as the elimination of casein and protein,
improve the behavior of kids with ASD.
Eating issues are common among kids with ASD.
They are a lot of possible than typical infants to begin intake of solid food at a later date, for instance.
By one year elderly, kids with ASD square measure a lot of possibilities to be delineate as “difficult to feed” and “very choosy”
Although this study failed to realize any variations between kids with ASD and usually developing kids in terms of nutrition,
other studies have found that kids with ASD typically have deficiencies in bound nutrients,
perhaps due to their fastidious intake or the employment of special diets.
There square measure totally different reasons a baby might have intake difficulties, including having hassle mastication and swallowing, sensory sensitivities associated with totally different food textures, food intolerances or allergies, and shunning of novelty.
If you’ve got considerations concerning your child’s intake patterns, bring this up at your next medical specialist visit. Also, discuss this together with your case manager, your behaviorist, or the man of science on your child’s early intervention team.
There square measure some ways ready to assist your kid to eat a wider variety of foods and your therapists ought to be able to facilitate you a good deal.
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